The Serengeti Ecosystem and the Wildebeests (white-bearded gnus) and Burchell’s Zebras. The wildebeest calve on the Serengeti Plains from January to March. They generally depart the Serengeti in May, where they head east and north for Lake Victoria and the Maasai Mara, crossing the Mara River around July. They leave the Mara in October-December.

Animals migrating within game drive are Zebra, Wildebeest, Buffalo, Gazelle. Carnivores such as the Lion, Leopard, Cheetah, Hyena follow closely behind.

Annual peak born of zebra foals

The migration reaches the short grasses of the Serengeti plains.

Born of gnu calves

The Serengeti plains are the feeding grounds of about two million gnus, three hundred thousand zebras, gazelles, elands, topis followed closely behind by the predators.

Heavy rains are coming…
The rainy season lasts from late November to mid-May in the Serengeti.

Now also the “Western Corridor” of the Serengeti can provide new food. Therefore the migration moves northern. It is from the Naabi hills following the Mbalageti river, up to Grumeti River. As the migration is trekking across the woodland zones, columns of hundreds of wildebeest can be seen.

The rutting period approaching and the pastures depleted, the countless herds shift to the North towards the Maasai Mara triangle just as the long rains end.

By mid July, the migration reaches the banks of the swollen Mara River. With lush pastures becoming on the other bank, the wildebeest plunge into the torrential river often using established crossing points, majority making it across while many drown while others fall prey to the snapping crocs.

With food in plenty and having made it across the Mara River, the mini rutting season begins. The males running round in circles marking their territories, mothers searching for their lost calves and vise versa, all with a myriad of sounds makes it a spectacle to behold.

During this period, the migrating animals have fully covered the Maasai Mara Game Reserve, pushing away the resident wildebeest and zebras to the loita plains and up the Soit Oloololo escarpment.

Having reached the Northern and Western boundaries of the Mara, the migration turns back once again to face the raging Mara River

Crossing into Serengeti following the boundary between the Serengeti National Park and Loloido the Migration Circle is complete.